Taken from a working Amiga 2000 computer. The A2091 is a full-length Zorro-II DMA SCSI hard drive controller that was originally introduced with the later revisions of the A2000HD and A2500. Because of the A2091's high availability, it is often found in A4000s, even though it performs slowly in them.The A2091 cannot transfer data via DMA to high-mapped 32-bit Fast RAM. If Zorro-II DMA-capable memory is not available, the driver falls back to programmed I/O transfers. In either case, this makes for extremely slow disk transfers (at worst, 50K/second; at best, no more than 1M/second).
Adding memory to the A2091 (or via another Zorro II RAM card) addresses some of the issue. There are utilities in the "hard" directory of Aminet that may help alleviate this problem. Side note: with some of these, adding some memory on the A2091 may help by providing Zorro-II DMA-accessible memory for buffering. Commodore ROM revisions are a common problem with the A2091; v6.6 or later ROMs are desirable, with v7.0 being the last version (strongly recommended, and necessary for 68040 machines).
Most A2091s have revision 04 of the Western Digital 33C93 SCSI controller chip; replacing this with the 08 version may clear up SCSI bus problems. Despite common belief, the "PROTO" marking is insignificant on either version of the WD chip; version 04 or version 08 are the only significant values. Sixteen sockets allow for the addition of up to 2M of 16-bit Fast RAM, using CMOS 256K x 4 DRAMs (44C256) rated at 120 ns or faster.
This is not normally very useful on the A4000, since a SIMM added to the motherboard RAM sockets is simpler to obtain and install, and will operate much more quickly. However, it can be useful to provide memory available to the hard drive controller on the 2091, allowing for better speed as explained above. The hard drive power connector on the board is not a reliable way to power a card-mounted hard drive. Use the connectors attached directly to the power supply instead.
Usually looked on as a cheap (sometimes very cheap) way to access SCSI peripherals from the A4000, the A2091 is certainly better than no SCSI controller at all. A little-known and mostly-unused function of the A2091 is a built-in XT-IDE controller. The IDE connector and LED are not installed, but visible on the board to the left and upper-right of the SCSI chip. Unfortunately, this port will only work with 8-bit (XT) IDE hard drives, not the common 16-bit AT-IDE hard drives. This option was apparently mostly used for the 20M drives supplied with the A590, the A500 hard disk option which shared the 2091 design.
The XT interface is no longer supported with the v7.0 ROMs. A third party driver known as the GuruROM v6 was also produced for this card which provided better performance, bug fixes, and support for modern SCSI devices. It also removes all need for DMA Mask modifications in order to support memory outside of the 24-bit DMA range (some 16-bit FastRAM is recommended for best performance). 0K: Set for no memory. 512K: Set for 512K of RAM.
1M: Set for 1M of RAM. 2M: Set for 2M of RAM. AUTO: Set to enable autoboot from the A2091.
DIS: Set to disable autoboot from the A2091. INT2: Select interrupt 2 (default, trace intact). When On, enables scanning for Logical. Unit Numbers numbers at each physical SCSI address.
When On, enables longer time-out. This jumper disables parity during the message in phase. GuruROM has other purpose for the option jumpers. Position: 1/2 (default with trace intact) 7Mhz.
Position: 1 & 3 14Mhz (position 1/2 trace cut) and requires driver be aware of clocking via patching or use GuruROM. The version 7 ROM fixes the following bugs in the 6.6 ROM. Reselection (disconnect/reconnect) performance improved w/many bugs fixed. Sync problems with Seagate/Syquest fixed.Slow boot jumper now does a 15 second wait plus 300ms scan. The item "Commodore Amiga Zorro-II DMA SCSI Hard Drive Controller with Seagate Harddisk" is in sale since Friday, July 26, 2019. This item is in the category "Computers/Tablets & Networking\Vintage Computing\Vintage Parts & Accessories". The seller is "triskelon333" and is located in Salt Lake City, Utah. This item can be shipped worldwide.